Dear Danko: Expert Grow Advice on Plant Stages, Strains, and More

High Times’ cultivation specialist Danny Danko solutions all of your burning questions on being one of the best grower you might be. But first, some fast ideas from the professional himself:

  1. Calibrate your pH and PPM meters month-to-month with a purpose to guarantee they’re working correctly.
  2. Use a timer to show off CO2 supplementation gear when your lights are off.
  3. Intake followers for recent air must be put in low in your room, and, as a result of warmth rises, exhaust followers ought to be put in close to the highest.

Subject: Vegetative Stage
From: Martha M.

How do I do know when crops are within the vegetative stage? I’m new and I don’t perceive all of the rising phrases. Thank you!

Dear Martha,

There are two most important levels of hashish plant progress: the vegetative stage and the flowering stage. These levels characterize the totally different progress patterns of annuals from spring into summer time and then into fall, when the crops attain maturity. When a seedling sprouts, it enters the vegetative stage, throughout which it grows branches and leaves. Outdoors, as summer time ends and mild begins to decrease, the plant enters the flowering stage, throughout which it slows department and leaf progress whereas focusing its power on producing male or feminine flowers in an effort to refill with seeds earlier than it dies with the primary frost of winter.

Indoors, we re-create these seasons utilizing a timer into which we plug our develop lights. For vegetative progress, we offer our crops with 18 or extra hours of sunshine per day. When we determine to induce flowering, we reduce the sunshine cycle to 12 hours on and 12 hours off per day. The plant will then transition from the vegetative stage to the flowering stage and start its march to reap.

A mobile slicing is suspended in agar within the tissue tradition lab at House of Cultivar in Seattle/ House of Cultivar

Subject: Preserving
a Strain
From: Charles T.

My query is in regard to the preservation of a pressure that has been lowered over time from environmental or genetic drift through the use of colloidal silver to supply feminized seeds. I’m speaking about an unimaginable pressure that I obtained by means of clippings when it had already been cloned many occasions and has since been cloned many extra occasions. My largest concern comes from the problem I’m recently having getting this pressure to root through the cloning part. I’m ready on a cargo of 120 PPM colloidal silver; as soon as it arrives, I plan to start my first feminized-seed challenge. I want to know what I ought to anticipate from the seeds produced. Will additionally they have problem rooting, or ought to the genetic blueprint be utterly restored? Thanks for any allow you to may give me!

Dear Charles,

You are embarking on an fascinating however troublesome breeding undertaking. You’re planning to spray colloidal silver on your feminine flowers with a purpose to drive them to point out hermaphroditic tendencies and induce “male” flowers to type inside them.

The pollen from these flowers accommodates no male genes, so this could end in females or hermaphrodites. When this pollen is unfold onto the identical feminine flowers, it’s referred to as “selfing,” or creating an S1. If all goes nicely, the ensuing seeds can be comparable or similar to the unique clone-only plant.

A special option to deliver again the vigor of the unique hybrid is to make use of a tissue-culture method. This is just like cloning, however on a smaller, mobile degree. Once a plant has been duplicated with tissue tradition, the ensuing cuttings shall be freed from any pests, pathogens, illnesses or different points that outcome from stress, comparable to problem rooting or a basic lack of vigor or efficiency.

Two seedlings emerge from one bean/ UP Grower

Subject: Twins!
From: UP Grower

Hi! We love studying your professional develop recommendation in High Times. We’ve been rising in Michigan for about six years and have used each seeds and clones. We lately bought some feminized Gelato seeds, considered one of which sprouted twins! (Included is a photograph you’ll be able to publish to point out what we imply.) We’ve by no means seen this talked about in High Times. Is it a uncommon prevalence?

Dear UP,

Thanks for the type phrases! Your crops are exhibiting a standard mutation referred to as polyembryony, by which two or extra embryos exist inside one seed. Thus, like similar human twins, the seedlings that emerge shall be actual copies of one another.

Subject: No-Till Tent
From: Giggle Grassachusetts

Greetings once more! I’ve been eager to create a no-till dwelling soil (teeming with worms and microbes and utilizing soil blended
with compost). I’ve a 2′ x 2′ and a 2′ x Four′ tent. Is this potential?

If so, do you will have any suggestions as to what to make use of to carry the soil? I’ve discovered a number of material containers, however they’ve compartments. Do I have to construct my very own container? I’d favor to make use of material as an alternative of wooden. Also, wouldn’t it be a nasty concept to bury compostable kitchen scraps within the soil? Thanks for the superior podcast!

Dear Giggle,

No-till farming is a really fascinating rising idea by which soil is left undisturbed and natural materials is added on prime. Compost and different pure soil enhancers are piled on, and cowl crops comparable to clover are grown and gently combined into the highest layer of soil in an effort to keep away from destroying the useful mycelia that permeate the medium.

No-till rising might be completed in beds, packing containers or material containers in even the smallest of areas, however the essential factor is to keep away from including any nonorganic or poisonous vitamins or pesticides to your soil combine. It’s higher to place your kitchen scraps into your compost bin or pile to ensure that them to warmth up, break down and remedy, quite than including them instantly into your soil. Thanks in your help of the Free Weed With Danny Danko podcast!

Subject: Don’t
Overfeed!
From: Peter G.

Remember the great occasions from three years in the past on the 420/710 catamaran cruise? This is Pete, who was disgusted with the Amsterdam
Cup the earlier yr. You stated you remembered me, however I don’t understand how since you clearly come into contact with many individuals.

Anyhow, I’m comfortable to report I’m 4 weeks into flowering a spectacular Acapulco Gold grown in coco beneath LED and fluorescent lighting to restrict my energy footprint. She’s wanting nice regardless of the lighting limitations. I’m alternating nutes and water each fourth day, and it appears to be working nice. This method I’m not overwatering or overfeeding.

I switched to a 10/14-hour mild/darkish photoperiod from a 12/12 cycle every week in the past as suggested by Jorge Cervantes in his Cannabis Encyclopedia. The branches have simply began to sag from the bud weight, and I’m now staking the plant to alleviate any stress. Maybe subsequent time I’ll simply go together with SOG netting, however it didn’t appear possible to go that route in a closet. I actually don’t have a
query, I simply needed to succeed in out and say thanks for all the good recommendation you give in your column.

Dear Pete,

Wow! Thanks for reaching out and thanks for the ideas on correctly feeding your crops. Overfeeding and overwatering are the 2 largest errors made by newbie growers, and it’s all the time greatest to err on the aspect of warning as you describe. I’ll should do a bit extra analysis on the 10/14-hour photoperiod you talked about as a result of I haven’t heard of that getting used earlier than, until it’s to economize on electrical energy or to scale back warmth on the cover degree.

Subject: Wet and Dry Cycles
From: Humdrum Bum

I’m about to start out a RDWC (recirculating deep-water tradition) six-bucket system, which doesn’t permit the plant’s roots to obtain a dry interval. Is the dry interval necessary, or will crops thrive
with the right quantity of oxygen?

Dear Humdrum,

The moist/dry interval pertains to rising in a soil or coco-based combine. With most varieties of hydroponics, the nutrient answer is so nicely oxygenated that the roots can deal with not drying out; in truth, they need to stay moist always.

Deep-water tradition depends on the roots dangling into an aerated answer in order that they have entry to water, meals and oxygen always. This mist feeds the roots and permits the crops to exhibit explosive progress charges. The necessary factor is to all the time maintain the answer on the proper temperature, pH degree and PPM ranges of nutrient salts to ensure that the crops to thrive.

Subject: Wick System
From: A. Cabrera

I’m presently within the strategy of establishing a hydroponic develop. I’ve chosen to go together with wick hydroponics, since this will probably be my first run of rising. I’ve constructed a body for a field that can be Four″
tall, Four′ lengthy and 20″ broad. The partitions might be wooden sealed with caulking then coated with Mylar. I’m going to make use of a 120-volt Four-foot T8 ballast with two 16-volt LED bulbs till the crops are about 1 to 1½ ft tall within the vegetation stage, and from that time I’ll change to an LED develop lamp. I’m planning on utilizing 5-gallon
buckets as reservoirs with rope main as much as both a Three-gallon bucket or a 1-gallon nursery pot. I’m at a loss on which develop medium I ought to switch the crops to as soon as they’re out of the seedling stage. I presently have the crops outside in Sunshine model seedling combine. I water a few times day by day. I’ve two
questions: What is an effective materials to make use of as a wick that won’t rot? And what develop medium are you able to advocate?

Dear A.,

A wick system makes use of capillary motion to suck up water from a reservoir as crops want it. Cotton ropes are straightforward to seek out and use as a wick, however they’re additionally susceptible to rot when uncovered to water over time. Nylon rope will last more, and it’s the perfect materials to make use of for a wick system so long as you’re not against utilizing one thing acrylic and unnatural.

You can proceed to make use of the Sunshine combine or transplant your crops into a unique soilless combine resembling ProMix, which is peat-based, or coco coir, which is produced from the recycled husks of coconuts. Your roots will suck up no matter they want, however you have to be positive your reservoir buckets include nutrient answer.

Subject: Mixed-Up
Seeds
From: Uncle Buck

Hi, Danny—please assist! I’ve by chance combined my seeds, each autos and feminized. I’ve managed to separate them by measurement.
Now I’ve three normal-size and 9 small gray ones, and I do not know that are which. Additionally, I don’t know what number of of every I initially had. Cheers from Australia!

Dear Uncle Buck,

The measurement of the seeds won’t inform you that are auto-flowering and that are feminized. You should plant them and develop them out to find out that are which. The ones that start to flower whatever the quantity of sunshine they obtain are the autos. The others would be the feminized ones. Good luck!

Send your cannabis-cultivation questions
to deardanko@hightimes.com.

This function was revealed within the March 2019 problem of High Times journal. Subscribe proper right here.





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