Another day, one other spherical of research suggesting that legalizing marijuana may help mitigate the harms of the opioid epidemic.
This time, one research revealed Oct. 25, 2018, within the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence checked out how adult-use legalization impacted opioid prescriptions. And a separate analysis paper revealed Oct. 20, 2018, explored how medical hashish dispensaries have an effect on opioid overdoses.
Both research bode nicely for reform advocates who’ve argued that authorized marijuana can function a safer various to prescription painkillers. Here’s what you want to find out about every new paper.
1. Adult-use legalization is related to a lower within the variety of prescriptions, complete doses and spending on opioids amongst Medicaid enrollees.
Researchers examined prescription knowledge for Medicaid enrollees from 2010 to 2017. The staff discovered “no proof to help the priority that leisure marijuana legalization elevated opioid prescriptions acquired by Medicaid enrollees.”
Rather, implementing a totally authorized hashish system in 2015 was linked to a 32 % lower within the complete variety of opioid prescriptions, a 30 % lower within the variety of doses and a 31 % lower in spending on Schedule III opioids.
2. Deaths from opioid and heroin overdoses are decrease in counties the place medical hashish dispensaries function.
Looking at mortality knowledge from 2009 to 2015, researchers discovered that counties with medical hashish dispensaries skilled considerably decrease charges of opioid and heroin overdoses, in contrast with counties with out dispensaries.
Specifically, the typical mortality price for any opioid overdose elevated by zero.37 per 100,000 individuals in counties with out dispensaries from 2009 to 2015, whereas it elevated by zero.07 per 100,000 in counties with dispensaries throughout the identical time interval. Prescription opioid mortality charges “increased by 0.05 [per 100,000]in dispensary-counties and rose by 0.2 [per 100,000]in non-dispensary counties,” in line with the research.
Mortality charges related to heroin overdoses elevated by zero.61 per 100,000 individuals in counties with marijuana dispensaries, whereas growing by almost 1 per 100,000 in non-dispensary counties.
Both new research come on the heels of yet one more spherical of analysis on hashish and opioids points that got here out earlier this month.
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